This function returns the photon ratio for a given pair of wavebands of a light source spectrum.

## Usage

```
q_ratio(
spct,
w.band.num,
w.band.denom,
scale.factor,
wb.trim,
use.cached.mult,
use.hinges,
...
)
# Default S3 method
q_ratio(
spct,
w.band.num,
w.band.denom,
scale.factor,
wb.trim,
use.cached.mult,
use.hinges,
...
)
# S3 method for class 'source_spct'
q_ratio(
spct,
w.band.num = NULL,
w.band.denom = NULL,
scale.factor = 1,
wb.trim = getOption("photobiology.waveband.trim", default = TRUE),
use.cached.mult = FALSE,
use.hinges = NULL,
quantity = "total",
naming = "short",
name.tag = NULL,
...
)
# S3 method for class 'source_mspct'
q_ratio(
spct,
w.band.num = NULL,
w.band.denom = NULL,
scale.factor = 1,
wb.trim = getOption("photobiology.waveband.trim", default = TRUE),
use.cached.mult = FALSE,
use.hinges = NULL,
quantity = "total",
naming = "short",
name.tag = ifelse(naming != "none", "[q:q]", ""),
...,
attr2tb = NULL,
idx = "spct.idx",
.parallel = FALSE,
.paropts = NULL
)
```

## Arguments

- spct
an object of class "source_spct".

- w.band.num
waveband object or a list of waveband objects used to compute the numerator(s) of the ratio(s).

- w.band.denom
waveband object or a list of waveband objects used to compute the denominator(s) of the ratio(s).

- scale.factor
numeric vector of length 1, or length equal to that of

`w.band`

. Numeric multiplier applied to returned values.- wb.trim
logical if TRUE wavebands crossing spectral data boundaries are trimmed, if FALSE, they are discarded

- use.cached.mult
logical indicating whether multiplier values should be cached between calls

- use.hinges
logical Flag indicating whether to insert "hinges" into the spectral data before integration so as to reduce interpolation errors at the boundaries of the wavebands.

- ...
other arguments (possibly ignored)

- quantity
character One of "total", "average" or "mean".

- naming
character one of "long", "default", "short" or "none". Used to select the type of names to assign to returned value.

- name.tag
character Used to tag the name of the returned values.

- attr2tb
character vector, see

`add_attr2tb`

for the syntax for`attr2tb`

passed as is to formal parameter`col.names`

.- idx
character Name of the column with the names of the members of the collection of spectra.

- .parallel
if TRUE, apply function in parallel, using parallel backend provided by foreach

- .paropts
a list of additional options passed into the foreach function when parallel computation is enabled. This is important if (for example) your code relies on external data or packages: use the .export and .packages arguments to supply them so that all cluster nodes have the correct environment set up for computing.

## Value

In the case of methods for individual spectra, a `numeric`

vector with name attribute set. The name is based on the name of the
wavebands unless a named list of wavebands is supplied in which case the
names of the list elements are used. "[q:q]" is appended if ```
quantity
= "total"
```

and "[q(wl):q(wl)]" if `quantity = "mean"`

or
`quantity = "average"`

.

A `data.frame`

is returned in the case of collections of spectra,
containing one column for each fraction definition, an index column with
the names of the spectra, and optionally additional columns with metadata
values retrieved from the attributes of the member spectra.

## Details

With the default `quantity = "total"`

the ratio is based on
two photon irradiances, one computed for each waveband.

$$\frac{Q(s, wb_\mathrm{num})}{Q(s, wb_\mathrm{denom})}$$

If the argument is set to `quantity = "mean"`

or
`quantity = "average"`

the ratio is based on
two mean spectral photon irradiances, one computed for each waveband.

$$\frac{\overline{Q_\lambda}(s, wb_\mathrm{num})}{\overline{Q_\lambda}(s, wb_\mathrm{denom})}$$

Ratios based on totals and means are numerically identical only if the wavelength expanse of the two wavebands is the same.

Fraction definitions are "assembled" from the arguments passed to
`w.band.num`

and `w.band.denom`

. If both arguments are lists of
waveband definitions, with an equal number of members, then the wavebands
are paired to obtain as many fractions as the number of wavebands in each
list. Recycling for wavebands takes place when the number of denominator
and numerator wavebands differ.

The last two parameters control speed optimizations. The defaults
should be suitable in most cases. If you will use repeatedly the same SWFs
on many spectra measured at exactly the same wavelengths you may obtain
some speed up by setting `use.cached.mult=TRUE`

. However, be aware
that you are responsible for ensuring that the wavelengths are the same in
each call, as the only test done is for the length of the `w.length`

vector.

## Methods (by class)

`q_ratio(default)`

: Default for generic function`q_ratio(source_spct)`

: Method for`source_spct`

objects`q_ratio(source_mspct)`

: Calculates photon:photon from a`source_mspct`

object.

## Performance

As this method accepts spectra as its input, it computes irradiances before computing the ratios. If you need to compute both ratios and irradiances from several hundreds or thousands of spectra, computing the ratios from previously computed irradiances avoids their repeated computation. A less dramatic, but still important, increase in performance is available when computing in the same function call ratios that share the same denominator.

## See also

Other photon and energy ratio functions:
`e_fraction()`

,
`e_ratio()`

,
`eq_ratio()`

,
`q_fraction()`

,
`qe_ratio()`